National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
EZIPs
TaxonomySpeciesBrucella melitensis
CategoryBacteria
GenusBrucella
FamilyBrucellaceae
Order/ClassRhizobiales
PhylumProteobacteria
Human and animal diseaseHuman diseaseBrucellosis
Predominant syndromeSystemic
Occ. risk groupFood processers
Incubation time1-3 weeks
Disease in farm animalsYes
Disease in pets and horsesNo
Disease in wildlifeYes
Specfic animal speciesElks, bisons, cows
ReservoirsHumansNo
Farm animalsYes
Pets and horsesNo
WildlifeYes
Specific animal speciesSheep, goats, wild ruminants
TransmissionHuman to humanNo
SkinNo
Tissue/blood: ArthropodsNo
Tissue/blood: Invasive actionsNo
Secreta/excreta: AirYes
Secreta/excreta: Water/food/environmentYes
Secreta/excreta: Close animal contactYes
Transmission infoAerogens, milk, urine, direct contact
Geographic distributionNetherlandsNo
EuropeYes
AfricaYes
North AmericaYes
South AmericaYes
AustraliaYes
AsiaYes
Distribution infoWorldwide
InfoSpecifics
Human ref. website URL
Animal ref. website URL
  Value Normalised valueWeightScore
1Probability of introduction into the Netherlands50% 0,870,4180,36
2Transmission in animal reservoirs10% 0,860,2920,25
3Economic damage, animal reservoirs50M€ 0,610,3370,2
4Animal-human transmission0,005% 00,6260
5Human-human transmission0% 00,3390
6Morbidity0,06 0,280,1810,05
7Mortality0,05% 0,530,6430,34
 Total    1,21
 Normalised score    0,48