National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
EZIPs
TaxonomySpeciesBurkholderia mallei
CategoryBacteria
GenusBurkholderia
FamilyBurkholderiaceae
Order/ClassBurkholderiales
PhylumProteobacteria
Human and animal diseaseHuman diseaseGlanders
Predominant syndromeRespiratory
Occ. risk groupn/a
Incubation time2 days- years
Disease in farm animalsYes
Disease in pets and horsesYes
Disease in wildlifeYes
Specfic animal speciesDonkeys, horses
ReservoirsHumansNo
Farm animalsYes
Pets and horsesYes
WildlifeYes
Specific animal speciesDonkeys, horses
TransmissionHuman to humanYes
SkinYes
Tissue/blood: ArthropodsNo
Tissue/blood: Invasive actionsNo
Secreta/excreta: AirYes
Secreta/excreta: Water/food/environmentYes
Secreta/excreta: Close animal contactNo
Transmission infoWater,soil, inhalation, skin breaks
Geographic distributionNetherlandsNo
EuropeYes
AfricaYes
North AmericaUnknown
South AmericaYes
AustraliaYes
AsiaYes
Distribution infoSE Asia, Australia , SE Pacific, Central Am
InfoSpecifics
Human ref. website URL
Animal ref. website URL
  Value Normalised valueWeightScore
1Probability of introduction into the Netherlands0,5% 00,4180
2Transmission in animal reservoirs0,05% 0,530,2920,15
3Economic damage, animal reservoirs0,5M€ 00,3370
4Animal-human transmission0,005% 00,6260
5Human-human transmission0% 00,3390
6Morbidity0,2 0,590,1810,11
7Mortality0,5% 0,670,6430,43
 Total    0,69
 Normalised score    0,27