This table shows details on the 86 emerging zoonotic pathogens prioritized within EZIPs. The main variables are shown on this site, the full table with over 35 variables and full priority scores can be downloaded by clicking on the download button below.

Download pdf

Download xls

Species Category Human disease Specific animal species Transmission info Distribution info Normalized end score
Ehrlichia chaffeensis Bacteria Human monocytic ehrlichiosis White tailed deer   Ticks  America  0.27
Bartonella henselae Bacteria Cat scratch disease Felines Cat scratch, flea bite Worldwide 0.48
Brucella melitensis Bacteria Brucellosis Sheep, goats, wild ruminants Aerogens, milk, urine, direct contact Worldwide 0.48
Brucella suis Bacteria Brucellosis Pigs, wild boar, caribou, rodents Aerogens, milk, urine, direct contact Worldwide 0.48
Burkholderia mallei Bacteria Glanders Donkeys, horses Water,soil, inhalation, skin breaks SE Asia, Australia , SE Pacific, Central Am 0.27
Chlamydophila abortus Bacteria Chlamydophila abortusinfection Ruminants Birthing prod. Worldwide 0.46
Chlamydophila psittaci Bacteria Psittacosis Birds Inhalation Worldwide 0.51
Clostridium botulinum (toxins) Bacteria Botulism Fish, also in ground Food Worldwide 0.46
Clostridium difficile Bacteria Clostridium difficile associated disease  Environ. commensal in some people Antibiotica triggered, fecal route Worldwid 0.27
Coxiella burnetii Bacteria Q fever Ruminants, dogs, cats, coyotes, foxes, rodents, skunks, raccoons, rabbits, deer, and birds Ticks, milk, wool, birthing product, dust Worldwide, not in Antartica or New Zealand 0.59
Anaplasma phagocytophila Bacteria Human granulocytotropic anaplasmosis Deer, rodents in America Ticks, e.g. I. ricinus Worldwide 0.56
Escheria coli Shiga toxin producing Bacteria Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli infections Mainly ruminants Faeces, meat, direct contact, water Worldwide: Canada and Scotland highest, HUS in Argentina 0.47
Salmonella spp. (non-typhoidal) Bacteria Salmonellosis Livestock, horses Faeces, meat, eggs and direct contact Worldwide 0.47
Yersinia enterocolitica Bacteria Yersiniosis unknown Food and water, blood transfusion Worldwide 0.45
Yersinia pestis Bacteria Plague Rodents (domestic rats, squirrels), cats,  Fleas, skinning wild rodents, eating meat, cough America, Asia 0.53
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Bacteria Erysipeloid Mainly by swine, fish Handling fish and raw meat/ Occupat. Disease worldwide 0.3
Capnocytophaga canimorsus Bacteria Capnocytophaga canimorsus infection Cats and dogs Bites from cats and dogs  Worldwide 0.54
Francisella tularensis Bacteria Tularaemia Rabbits, hares, voles, muskrats, beavers, sheep, piglet, minks, beavera, foxes Ticks, faeces, water, food, deerfly Europe, America, Soviet Union, Asia 0.55
Leptospira interrogans Bacteria Leptospirosis Cattle, rodents, dogs, naturaly occuring in aquatic animals  Contaminated water (urine) Worldwide, except poles 0.56
Mycobacterium avium Bacteria Tuberculosis Swine, Environment Environment Worldwide 0.5
Mycobacterium bovis Bacteria Tuberculosis Badgers, deer, boars, possums, cattle, horses, swine, sheep, goats Aerogens, milk Worldwide 0.57
Pasteurella multocida Bacteria Pasteurellosis Dogs and cats Bites of catsiand dogs Worldwide 0.48
Rickettsia conorii Bacteria Mediterranean spotted fever Dogs, rodents, birds, mammals, ticks (transoveral) Ticks, R. Sanguineus, I. Ricinus, Dermacentor spp.)  Mediterranean countries, Africa, India, Southwest Asia 0.42
Rickettsia helvetica Bacteria Rickettsia helvetica infection Rodents, ticks Ticks unknown 0.35
Rickettsia rickettsii Bacteria Rocky Mountain spotted fever Rodents and lagomorphs Ticks North and South America 0.45
Rickettsia spp. Bacteria Ricketiosis/ spotted fever Dogs, rodents, birds, mammals Ticks (R. Sanguineus, I. Ricinus, Dermacentor spp.)  Europe, America, Asia, Africa 0.35
Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. Bacteria Lyme borreliosis Rodents, (birds, mammals) Ticks (congenital transmission h-h) America, Europe 0.38
Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-resistant) Bacteria Methiciline resistent Staphylococcus aureus infection Swine, cattle, all farm animals Direct contact Europe 0.49
Streptococcus suis Bacteria Streptococcosis Swine, many asymptomatic Slaughter infected pigs Worldwide:  pig, China: Human cases 0.56
Campylobacter spp. Bacteria of Virus Campylobacteriosis Poultry, insects, pigs Faeces, meat Worldwide 0.61
Cryptococcus neoformans var. gatti Fungi Cryptococcosis Pigeon,  goats  Soil with pigeon dropping, sick goats EndemicAustralia, PapuaNW, S_Califo, Africa, India, SE_Asia, Mexico brazil, Paraguay 0.36
Cryptococcus neoformans var.neoformans Fungi Cryptococcosis Pigeon,  goats  Soil with pigeon dropping, sick goats EndemicAustralia, PapuaNW, S_Califo, Africa, India, SE_Asia, Mexico brazil, Paraguay 0.35
Anisakis simplex Helminth Anisakiosis Sea mammals, fish Fish Worldwide 0.3
Ascaris suum Helminth Ascariosis Pigs, wild hog Devel. Egg-infect egg>4weeks Worldwide 0.36
Baylisascaris procyonis Helminth Baylisascariasis Raccoon Eggs in faeces  America, Eastern Europe, Asia 0.34
Toxocara cani/cati Helminth Ascariosis Canines Egg infected soil for kids or uncooked livers Worldwide 0.36
Fasciola hepatica Helminth Fascioliosis Rumninats, deer, lagomorphes Raw vegetables, water Worldwide 0.27
Dirofilaria immitis/repens Helminth Dirofilariasis Dog Mosquitoes America, Europe 0.25
Echinococcus granulosus Helminth Cystic echinococcosis Canines, cattle, sheep, camels, pigs Direct contact, with eggs in faeces, dogs eat liver and lungs of sheep, eggs in dog poop South and Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia, S. America 0.27
Echinococcus multilocularis Helminth Alveolar echinococcosis Canines, felines Direct contact with eggs, water, contaminated food Europe, Asia, America endemic in Central Europe 0.48
Taenia saginata Helminth Taeniosis Cattle, human Worldwide 0.31
Taenia solium Helminth Taeniosis Pig, humans Food America, Africa, South Europe, Asia 0.36
Trichinella spp Helminth Trichinellosis Wild carnivores, swine, horses, wild boar, rats, mice Food Worldwide 0.46
BSE prion Prion Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease, variant Ruminants, felines Iatrogeen as stated 0.57
Babesia divergens/ microti Protozoa Babesiosis Wildlife, deer and rodents Tick Europe, Africa, America 0.34
Cryptosporidium parvum Protozoa Cryptosporidiosis Ruminants, wildlife Faeces Worldwide 0.41
Giardia lamblia Protozoa Giardiasis Cattle, humans, dogs, wildlife Faeces Worldwide 0.36
Toxoplasma gondii Protozoa Toxoplasmosis Swine, sheep, rodents, felines (end host) Food, sandbox Worldwide 0.63
Leishmania spp. Protozoa Leishmaniasis Canines, rodentia, for some species also human Sandfly South Europe, Africa, America 0.41
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus Virus Lymphocytic choriomeningitis  Rodents ,common house mouse Broken skin, mucocutaneous, bite of infected rodent Europe, the Americas, Australia, and Japan 0.44
Batai virus Virus Batai virus infection Avian species. Mosquito Northern, Central, Eastern and Southern Europe 0.28
Bhanja virus Virus Bhanja virus infection Sheep, coat , cattle, dogs Tick Southern Europe, Africa, Asia 0.26
California Encephalitis virus Virus California encephalitis Rodents, rabbits Mosquito North America (CA) 0.48
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Virus Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever Cattle and lifestock Tick, slaughter, operation East/South Europe, Asia, Africa 0.57
Dobrava-Belgrade virus Virus Dobrava-Belgrade virus infection Rodent (Apodemus flavicollis) Aerosoled feaces and urine Balkan 0.55
Erve virus Virus Thunderclap headache Sheep, insectivorous rodents (house shrew) probably ecologically similar to hantaviruses France 0.28
Puumala virus Virus Puumala virus infection Rodent (Myodes glareolus) Aerosoled feaces and urine Europe, Asia,  Russia 0.49
Rift Valley fever virus Virus Rift Valley fever Sheep, goats, cattle Mosquito Africa, Middle East 0.56
Seoul virus Virus Seoul virus infection Rats Aerosoled feaces and urine Worldwide 0.51
Tahyna virus Virus Valtice fever Pigs, bats, rodents Mosquito Europe, with exception of Benelux and Denmark 0.34
Japanese encephalitis virus Virus Japanese encephalitis Asymptomatic in domestic pigs, naturally in wild birds Mosquito Asia, Australia, Pacific Islands 0.62
Louping ill virus Virus Louping ill Sheep Tick, fomites, slaughter UK 0.44
Rocio virus Virus Rocio virusinfection Wild birds Mosquito South America: Brazil 0.37
Saint Louis encephalitis virus Virus Saint Louis encephalitis Wild birds Mosquito USA 0.48
Tickborne encephalitis virus Virus Tickborne encephalitis  Rodents Tick, milk Central Europe, Asia 0.49
Wesselsbron virus Virus Wesselbron disease Domestic ruminants, wild birds/rodents gerbils Mosquito Madagaskar 1989) 0.18
West Nile virus Virus West Nile fever Birds Mosquito, blood donors Africa, Asia, North America, Southern Europe 0.57
Hepatitis E virus Virus Hepatitis E  Pigs, rodents, live stock,  *human in developing countries Food, contact, water Asia, America, Europe 0.47
Dhori virus (Batken virus) Virus Dhori virus infection Camels, horses, goats, low prevalences, migratory birds Ticks Portugal, Medit, Egypt, Central Asia, India 0.14
Influenza A virus (avian)H5N1 Virus Pneumonia Wild birds, especially water birds Aerosols, faeces Worldwide 0.66
Thogoto virus Virus Thogoto virus infection Livestock Tick Portugal, Italy, Africa, India Russia 0.22
Ljungan virus Virus Ljungan virusinfection Rodents (voles) Faeces Sweden, Denmark, USA 0.36
Cowpox virus Virus Cow pox Cattle, cats, rodents Direct contact Europe, Africa, Central and Northern Asia 0.41
Monkeypox virus Virus Monkey pox Rodents (African squirel) Direct contact Central and Western Africa, America 0.43
Orf virus Virus Orf Sheep, goat Direct contact, living and dead Worldwide, more in Europe and New Zealand  0.3
Colorado tick fever virus Virus Colorado tick fever Rodents, ground squirrels, porcupines, chipmunks, and mice of the genus Peromyscus Ticks North America 0.31
Eyach virus Virus Eyach virusinfection Rodents, lagomorphs Ticks Europe 0.4
Tribec virus Virus Tribec virusinfection Rodents Ticks Eastern and Central Europe 0.33
European bat lyssa virus Virus Rabies Bats espec. Serotin bat,  myotis species Bite, sometimes aerosols Europe 0.49
Rabies virus (Classic)  Virus Classical rabies Canines Bite, sometimes aerosols Worldwide except Japan, UK, New Zealand, Antarctica, Australia 0.56
Barmah Forest virus Virus Barmah Forest virusinfection Kangaroos, cattle, horses and sheep Mosquito Australia 0.23
Eastern equine encephalitis virus Virus Eastern equine encephalitis   Wild birds Mosquito USA 0.54
Ross river virus Virus Ross river fever Various animals Mosquito Australia, South Pacific 0.19
Sindbis virus Virus Sindbis fever Birds, sporadically rodents, bats, amphibians have been implicated Mosquito Worldwide esp. South and East Africa, Egypt, Israel, Philippines and parts of Australia 0.28
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus Virus Venezualan equine encephalitis  Horses , rodents Mosquito America 0.33
Western equine encephalitis virus Virus Western equine encephalitis  Horses and wild birds Mosquito America, 0.42